Welcome to AntarcticGlaciers.org. They sculpt mountains, carve valleys, and move vast quantities of rock and sediment. (i) The names of the glaciers that lie in Great Himalayas - Gangotri, Yarnunotri, Siachen, Pindari, Aksaichen and Liagzi Tang. ◼ Named in 1872 after the then Prime Minister of New Zealand, Sir William Fox, the Fox Glacier is one of the most popular and easily accessible glaciers in New Zealand. All glaciers have an accumulation zone, areas where snow builds up, and an ablation zone, where snow and ice are lost. One of the most popular natural attractions on the Valdez-to-Fairbanks highway corridor, this active glacier descends almost to the Richardson Highway, and can be easily approached via a short trail system. This is the main reason why the glacier is melting at a fast pace. Despite their unpredictable moods, people have been fascinated by the beauty of these serenely white sheets of ice that cover enormous landmasses, and have been drawn towards them time and again. Owing to this, it is more easily accessible. Occupying the northernmost portion of the southeastern Alaska coastline, between the Gulf of Alaska and Canada, the Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve is an American national park that spreads over the land area of 3,223,384 acres. McBride Glacier, the only tidewater glacier in the East Arm, is approximately 40 nautical … This peak is also known by the rather poetic title of ‘Jade Dragon Snow Mountain’. The glaciers of the northwest side feature the names of women's colleges, and the glaciers of the fork and the southeast side sport the names of men's colleges. Bergschrund A deep gap formed when a glacier pulls away from the solid, immobile wall of ice behind it. Country: Argentina. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! A glacier is a huge mass of ice that moves slowly over land. Glacier place-names approved by the BGN are shown in standard font; glacier place-names not ap-proved are shown in italicized font. ◼ Though this glacier is large in size, it is interesting to note that it is not a source of many rivers. Spread over an area of around 953 sq km, it is approximately parallel to Iceland’s active volcano zone, and is surrounded by some smaller glaciers and mountain ranges. Tourism: The Icefield Interpretive Center is located near the site, which offers guided sightseeing of the glacier. Along with its surrounding landscape, the glacier forms part of a protected area, called the Mendenhall Glacier Recreation Area that falls under a federally designated unit of the Tongass National Forest. ◼ However, according to research, this glacier is repleting rapidly, and according to glaciologists, it will completely disappear in the next 150 years. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Darwin Icefield (a.k.a Cordillera Darwin) covers 2,500 square kilometres of Isla Grande, the largest island in the archipelago of Tierra del … ◼ Langjökull Glacier, which literally translates to ‘long glacier’, is the second-largest glacier in Iceland, only after the Vatnajökull Glacier. The colder periods allowed the expansion of glaciers that covered large parts of the Northern Hemisphere.Changes in climate have followed a regular pattern for the past 700,000 years. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Tourism: The glacier has been promoted as a major tourist spot in New Zealand. ◼ The disappearance of the glacier has raised huge concern among environmentalists and glaciologists, and it is said that at the current rate of retreat, the glacier might disappear by the year 2020. Past this point, the Aletsch continues towards the Rhone Valley until it gives birth to the Massa River. These cycles are the result of changes in the shape of the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of the Earth’s axis. Snow fields are not glaciers in the strict sense of the word, but they are commonly found at the accumulation zone or head of a glacier. There are a number of glaciers existing in North America, currently or in recent centuries. In fact, according to research, numerous hot springs in the Borgarfjörður region, receive their groundwater from this very glacier. It requires a long and an expensive voyage. Glaciers are a crucial element of the world's ecosystem. In 1910, maps made by the explorer Alfredo Jahn showed the Sierra Nevada glaciers covering about 1,000 hectares (2,500 acres). Glaciers are moving bodies of ice that can change entire landscapes. Due to the rise in overall temperature of our planet over the last decade, glacial ice is melting at a rapid pace, and as a result, these blankets of ice are receding. For the past 2.5 million years the climate of the Northern Hemisphere has fluctuated between conditions of warm and cold. a rough, granular ice material. Because the ice sheets and mountain glaciers covered so much of the world, local names have been given to the various glaciations around the world. ◼ Now located south of the Portage Lake, the glacier is known to have been filling the entire Portage Valley, some 100 years ago. The oldest of these is the Huronian glaciation which occurred 2.4 to 2.1 billion years ago! Glaciers present today have taken centuries to form. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. [7] For the purposes of this list, Antarctica is defined as any latitude further south than 60° (the continental limit according to the Antarctic Treaty). Kilimanjaro a century ago. Great photographic potential during summer, with picnicking, wild blueberries and restrooms. It stretches over a length of nearly 10 km, but recent stats show that it is retreating. Those names include Amherst, Barnard, Bryn Mawr, Harvard, Smith, Vassar, and Yale. ◼ The glacier does display high melting rates in its snouts. Glaciers in South America develop exclusively on the Andes and are subject of the Andes various climatic regimes namely the Tropical Andes, Dry Andes and the Wet Andes. Glaciers are Rivers of moving ice-glaciers that slide and grind their way down mountains sculpting the fjords and valleys by the forces of gravity. Visitors can reach the edge of the glacier by standard buses, after which they have to take the special snow coaches, in order to climb upwards. Tourism: Tourists indulge in mountaineering and trekking excursions on the Baltoro glacier, however, it is regularly patrolled by the Pakistan army, owing to some regional tensions. But, with the passage of time, it broke up to form what are now five separate glaciers. ◼ The region that surrounds both these glaciers is part of the Te Wāhipounamu, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, that encompasses three national parks. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. For millions and millions of years, these glaciers have been forming and melting, and have, thus, shaped some of the finest landscapes that Earth has. ◼ Named after the explorer Francisco Moreno, the Perito Moreno Glacier is… Africa, specifically East Africa, has contained glacial regions, possibly as far back as the last glacier maximum 10 to 15 thousand years ago. Country: New ZealandType: Mountain Glacier. Entry to the glacier is closed in winter, from mid-October to mid-April. ◼ Located in the Karakoram mountain range in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan, the Baltoro Glacier is 62 km long, which makes it one of the longest glaciers, not situated in a polar regions. [15] Approximately one sixth of these glaciers covered more than 10 hectares. The glacier’s recession has resulted in the formation of the Mendenhall Lake, which has been growing since 1931. The funicular railway that takes tourists to the glacier is also a major attraction in the region. Though there are efforts being made to stymie the gradual melting of these large ice bodies, it remains unclear if what is being done will be enough. Tourists are allowed to hike to the summit of the mountain, and also to camp right next to the glacier. ◼ Located in eastern Alaska and the Yukon territory of Canada, the Hubbard Glacier is one of the fast expanding glaciers, and also one of the most popular attractions in North America. Ice streams are a type of glacier[5] and many of them have "glacier" in their name, e.g. When a piedmont glacier flows down a mountain and into the sea, it is called a tidewater glacier. Each cycle lasted ab… Would you like to write for us? The name of passes that lie in Great Himalayas--Shipki La, Nathula, Bomdila, Irrics La, Imis Pass, Khimokal Pass, etc. Home to a large glacier, now repleting at a rapid pace, this national park is a major tourist spot in Alaska. Tourists are allowed to take guided scenic hikes on the glacier. Country: The United States, CanadaType: Tidewater Glacier. South America hosts two large ice fields, the Northern and Southern Patagonian Ice Fields, of which the latter is the second largest contiguous body of glaciers in extrapolar regions. But like many aspects of the natural world, they are becoming increasingly threatened by the consequences of human industry and activity. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Long stretches of pristine, white landscapes and tranquil air is indeed enchanting and spellbinding. The park offers several excursions, alongside activities such as sport hunting and sport fishing. Owing to its easy accessibility, several walking and trekking tours of the glacier have gained popularity in recent times. Several guided trails of the glacier are also offered. There is also a visitors’ center in the vicinity, that houses a small exhibition regarding the National Park, its geology, flora and fauna. ◼ This mighty glacier actually comprises three smaller glaciers, which meet each other at Concordia. ◼ Situated in the West Coast region of New Zealand’s South Island, it is 13 km in length, and has been expanding since the year 1985. ◼ Considered to be very important for the study of climate change, it drains about 8% of the Antarctic Ice Sheet― the world’s largest ice sheet, covering an area of 14,000,000 sq km―until it eventually reaches the Amery Ice Shelf, which is, in fact, only a seaward extension of the Lambert. List of longest glaciers in world in non-polar regions, Exact lengths are relatively easy to determine with modern maps and imagery so as to include recent, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, as is done when determining river lengths, "Observations on Speke Glacier, Ruwenzori Range, Uganda", "East African Highlands | ICCI – International Cryosphere Climate Initiative", "Saltfjellet-Svartisen - Norske Naturperler", "Changes in the velocity structure of the Greenland Ice Sheet", "Watching Venezuela's Last Glacier Disappear", "NASA - Earth's Non-polar Glaciers and Ice Caps", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_glaciers&oldid=989135034, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 06:48. In the past few years, global warming has raised serious concerns about the depletion of the Earth’s glacial regions. ◼ Covering around 8% of Iceland’s total area, the Vatnajökull Glacier has several active volcanoes underneath it. We hope you enjoy this website. However, certain guided climbing excursions of the glacier are available. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Slowly, they creep downwards from the high mountain terrains to the lowlands, and cover enormous expanses of the polar regions. ◼ Spread over an area of around 487 sq km, and about 60 km long, Jostedalsbreen Glacier is the largest glacier in continental Europe. Mendenhall Glacier. Pine Island Glacier. Moreover, it is a known fact that the Hubbard constantly calves off colossal icebergs, some even as tall as ten-storied buildings. However, there are only a few places where the glaciers occur immediately adjacent to a town, and therefore can be appreciated on an excursion. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Glacier Avenue’s five tidewater glaciers plunge down to the edge of the channel from the massive Darwin Ice Field above. Seasonal snow does exist on the highest peaks of East Africa as well as in the Drakensberg Range of South Africa, the Stormberg Mountains, and the Atlas Mountains in Morocco. It is formed when two glaciers carve out adjacent valleys. ◼ Home to hundreds of awe-inspiring glaciers, Antarctica also comprises the world’s largest glacier―the Lambert Glacier―which measures approximately 60 miles wide, 250 miles long, and about 1.5 miles deep. Alaska's Glacier Names. The last remaining glacier, located on Pico Humboldt, was estimated to cover 10 hectares (25 acres) in 2011.[13]. Norway alone has more than 2500 glaciers (including very small ones) covering an estimated 1% of mainland Norway's surface area. ◼ Recent data proves that the Mendenhall has been retreating, and will continue to do so in the foreseeable future, owing to the continuously increasing global temperature. Apart from this there is a wide range of latitudes on which glaciers develop from 5000 m in the Altiplano mountains and volcanoes to reaching sealevel as tidewater glaciers from San Rafael Lagoon (45° S) and southwards. Tourism: Located in the Los Glaciares National Park in southwest Santa Cruz province of Argentina, this glacier is one of the major tourist attractions. An estimated 75 percent of the world’s freshwater supply is locked in glacial ice. A glacier is a large, perennial accumulation of crystalline ice, snow, rock, sediment, and often liquid water that originates on land and moves down slope under the influence of its own weight and gravity. Glaciers exist on every continent except Australia. Venezuela's glacier coverage shrank to about 280 hectares (700 acres) in 1952, and 80 hectares (200 acres) in 1985. continental glacier. ◼ This glacier is one of three Patagonian glaciers that is expanding, however, the reasons for this are debated by glaciologists. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Mexico has about two dozen glaciers, all of which are located on Pico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl), Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl, the three tallest mountains in the country.[11]. ◼ What makes this glacier stand apart is that fact that it is one of those few of them, which terminate in the lush rainforests. It offers a sight to behold, but trekking on the glacier is not allowed. ◼ Research tells us that the ice that lies at the foot of the glacier is about 400 years old. It is located in … a glacier that movew within valley walls. Several tour companies organize these tours for people. Identify whether they are glacial erratic, kettle lake, glacial till, moraine, or something else. Want to read more? ◼ One of the most visited glaciers in North America, this glacier is 6 km long, covering an area of around 2.3 sq miles, but is said to be receding at the rate of 3 m every year. No glaciers remain on the Australia mainland or Tasmania. ◼ There is no doubt that the glacier is melting due to global warming, however, its retreat also turns our attention towards the fragility of the Alpine ecosystems. Over the last century, most of the glacial ice has disappeared. ◼ It is around 8.5 km in length, with an area of 18.5 sq km, however, it is now retreating rapidly at the rate of 10 m every year. Approximate distribution is:91% in Antarctica8% in GreenlandLess than 0.5% in North America (about 0.1% in Alaska)0.2% in AsiaLess than 0.1% is in South America, Europe, Africa, New Zealand, and Irian Jaya. ‘Yulong Glacier, Yunnan’ by ChrisThis glacier sits atop Yulong Mountain in China. Glaciers in Montana's Glacier Park on the verge of growing 5 Oct 2002. ◼ Stretching over a length of 122 km, the Hubbard Glacier, is the largest tidewater glacier on the North American continent. [4], There are many glaciers in the Antarctic. Guided and unguided tours of the glacier are possible, however, of late, owing to its unstable terminal face, helicopter rides are encouraged more than walking excursions. It is said that the men took delight in ignoring it! Are you planning your next adventurous retreat? Tourism: The Mendenhall Glacier Visitor Center is being operated near the site by the United States Forest Service, which offers several educational programs for adults and children all through the year. A visit to the face of Johns Hopkins and Gilman glacier on a tourboat or private vessel is a special experience. Because glacial mass is affected by long-term climate changes, e.g., precipitation, mean temperature, and cloud cover, glacial mass changes are considered among the most sensitive indicators of climate change. There are about 198,000 to 200,000 glaciers in the world. The two Svartisen glaciers used to be one connected entity during the Little Ice Age but has since separated.[9][10]. 5. ◼ It is among the most difficult glaciers to climb because of its altitude, and hence, it is popular among seasoned mountaineers who are looking for a challenging hike. Width: 1.6 km (1 mile) Altitude: 3,920m (12,860 ft) Length: 33.8 km (21 mi) … The Pinedale or Fraser in the North American Rocky Mountains, Greenland, the Devensian in the British Isles, the Weichsel in Northern Europe and Scandinavia, and the Antarctic glaciations are some of the names given to such areas. People can go up to the peak by cable cars to see some of the most awe-inspiring views of the surrounding areas. Tourism: The glacier lies right beneath Austria’s largest mountain, Grossglockner, and hence, is very popular among hikers. It was… ice cap. This lack of volcanic activity reduced the levels of carbon … A few, like the Heard Island glaciers are located in the territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands in the southern Indian Ocean. However, despite rising temperature, the high rate of snowfall that the region experiences is the source of the considerable amount of ice that the glacier still holds. Glacier Bay. These cookies do not store any personal information. Currently, the only remaining glaciers on the continent exist on Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, and the Rwenzori. Tourism: Apart from the adventure-seekers, Mount Yulong and it’s glacial summit also attract a large number of sightseers. These include: The following is the list of longest glaciers in the non-polar regions, generally regarded as between 60 degrees north and 60 degrees south latitude, though some definitions [16] expand it slightly. ◼ A part of the Chugach National Forest, Portage Glacier is situated in the state of Alaska in the United States. ◼ Just 25 km away from the Fox Glacier is another famous glacier of New Zealand, the Franz Josef. Walking tours are available, but these need special permissions and a professional guide. Tourism: Hiking is allowed on the Jostedalsbreen Glacier, however, guided hikes are encouraged more in the area. Glaciers slowly deform and flow due to stresses induced by their weight, creating crevasses, seracs, and other distinguishing features. Tourism: While guided trekking and walking tours are available for the adventure-seekers, the glacier is no less attractive for the sightseeing enthusiasts as well. They can take a cable car, and witness some of the most spellbinding views of the glacier and surrounding areas. The term “glacier” comes from the French word glace (glah-SAY), which means ice.Glaciers are often called “rivers of ice.” Glaciers fall into two groups: alpine glaciers and ice sheets. ◼ It is located just 300 meters above the sea level, and terminates, like the Fox Glacier, amidst the lush green beauty of a temperate rainforest. Currently, the only remaining glaciers on the continent exist on Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, and the Rwenzori. Things start going wrong when the water that is melting is more than the snow that is replacing it. Grand Pacific Glacier is about 2 miles wide at the terminus, averages about 150 feet high at the ice face, up to 60 feet deep at the waterline and over 35 miles long. Location: East AntarcticaType: Valley Glacier. For the purposes of these lists, the Antarctic is defined as any latitude further south than 60° (the continental limit according to the Antarctic Treaty System). Synonyms for glacier include iceberg, icecap, berg, floe, ice floe, glacial mass, ice field, snow slide, ice sheet and frozen water. Ice shelves are listed separately in the List of Antarctic ice shelves. Antarctic glaciers are beautiful and awe-inspiring. In the past, glaciers have covered more than one third of Earth's surface, and they continue to flow and to … They are classed as mid-latitude mountain glaciers. If you are one of these curious nature enthusiasts and/or adventure-seekers, we, at Buzzle, have compiled for you, a brief list of some of the most famous and beautiful glaciers around the world. a glacier that is less than 50,000 square kilometers in area. Typically, glaciers exist and may even form in areas where:

names of glaciers

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